The palace embankment can be called one of the most beautiful and famous quays of St. Petersburg. There are many places here, famous all over the world for Northern Capital attractions: The Hermitage, The Winter Palace, The Russian Museum, the House of Scientists, and many others. This street offers a great view of Vasilyevsky Island language and the Peter and Paul Fortress. The Palace Embankment is located on the left bank of the Neva embankment of Kutuzov and the Admiralty embankment. It is 1300 meters long.
The palace embankment began to be built very early, at the beginning of the 18th century. The buildings have architectural value in summer and winter such as the residence of Peter I near the king, people also began to build their home in this ground. In 1705 the first wooden house of Admiral General Fedor Apraksin arrived. The building has identified the red line of the streets, and all the other buildings began to be constructed according to this line.
The palace embankment had many names: the upper line to the million of the stone embankment. It is often called the Post, due to the fact that here is the postal yard. In 1762, the architect Rastrelli built the royal residence, which is the winter palace. After that, the embankment built the bridge area, which is located near, where it became known as the palace. Already during the Soviet period the street was renamed the January Novena embankment. But in 1944 it returned to its old name.
To carry the bulk of Alexander’s column, which have a weight of 600 tons, used for the special mooring of the Palace dock, Engineer Glasin developed a special robot that can lift loads up to 1100 tons. To unload the monolith, he even built a new marina.
Little by little the maritime embankment is getting better, it was put in granite and it is of easy descent until the river. By the way, until the middle of the 18th century, all the embankments of St. Petersburg were made of wood. The palace embankment became the first stone streets. However, in the 1920’s, the area around the Winter Palace remained untidy. Here the construction of the building of the greater general state was planned, as well as all the working documents, piles of sand and plates, as well as to organize all type of warehouses and granaries. Nicolas I commissioned the architect Carlo Rossi to lead this place back to normality. Rossi has developed a project of a beautiful descent to Neva, decorated with sculptures of lions and Dioscuros. But the emperor was not impressed by the sculpture of the young men, restricting their horses, so they were replaced by the porphyry vases. Subsequently, the construction of the Palace bridge column in conjunction with the lions were transferred to the Ministry of the embankment.
The palace embankment has always been famous for the fact that famous and influential people lived here: the Romanov dynasty, the poet Ivan Krylov and Count Sergei Witte.