The only museum of the city dedicated entirely to the history of the city in the Neva was opened on the 300th anniversary of St Petersburg. Its exhibition is immersed in a great tourist route from the middles ages to our days. Offering more than 700 years of history of wars, victories and defeats, accompanied by tales of the generals and famous rulers, as well as the lives of people of the past. In the “Nyenskans” Museum of work there are permanent and temporary exhibitions that focused mainly on archeology and history.
The museum is located in an old Petrozavod, Swedish territory from Nienschanz, which is the predecessor of St. Petersburg, it was built before the founding of the city by Peter the Great in the ancient village of Nien. From the fort, practically there is nothing left now: the first Russian emperor destroyed it, erecting on the site a nursery with greenhouses and winter gardens.
A little history
The “Nienschanz” Museum is a relatively new phenomenon, but no less interesting. It opened in 2003 under the original title “700 Years of Landskrona, the Neva estuary, Nyenskans”. As a basis for the permanent exhibitions of archaeological excavations materials of the 1990’s were taken from the 20th century, where it was held at the mouth of the Neva River and at the site of the Okhta settlements in the pre-Petrine period, containing maps and historical documents of the 17th and 18th centuries, confirming the existence of the events in the Neva of the Swedish and Russian fortresses and settlements. Now, in the museum they are developing a new exhibition, this one will present the archaeological remains of the history of the settlements that were in the territory of Saint Petersburg during its foundation in 1703, and the materials of the archeology and the history of the region of the Baltic.
What can you see?
The “Nienschanz” Museum participated in the archaeological excavation, in a diorama of the city with the Swedish Nien Nienschanz and the recreated arms of the Russian and Swedish soldiers of the Landskrona period: at the beginning of the 16th century. These are the elements of daily life: kitchen utensils, ornaments, smoking pipe fragments, cartographic materials, stone foundations, remains of wooden houses and buildings, as well as the 17th century Swedish cemetery, reproductions of old drawings, engravings, paintings (exposure is constantly being replaced with new materials). In general, the museum is divided into two zones: a permanent exhibition introduces the visitor to the archeology of the North-West, and time with the main historical facts, archeology and art.
Address: St. Petersburg, the English embankment, 6 (ground floor). You can reach the museum by tram № 5, bus or metro № 22 (station “Neva prospect”).