The height of the Serpent mountain is almost one kilometer (to be more precise, it is 994 meters long), it is a natural monument and one of the most interesting natural attractions of the Mineral Waters. The name of the mountain comes from the “Tau Zhlak”, which translated into Turkish means “The Mountain of the Serpent”. The mountain was named as its slopes were dissected by ravines, narrow and tortuous ditches, which have the shape resembling creeping snakes from a distance. Today, the mountain does not have these gorges, and all due to the fact that there are extracted minerals, and the slopes of the mountains are covered with wells and undercuts.
Another version of the mountain name origin is that it is believed that once its slopes were literally infested with snakes, among which were also poisonous. But, historically, this fact is not confirmed, and veterans do not remember this. Nowadays there are few snakes, although the flora and fauna of the mountain is very interesting. Forest tracks have about 60 different tree species, where rare plants such as Euonymus, fraxinella, lily and rose hip also grow.
The Serpent mountain is volcanic, or rather, it is of magmatic origin. Its tops are rocky protruding and picturesque, it was formed by a special rock, beshtaunitom, that now is being extracted and used in the production of crushed stone. There is a stone processing plant in the quarry.
In the Serpent mountain, there are two monuments of interest, and two of them are dedicated to the Great Patriotic War. It is a monument to the workers of the quarries, who died during the war, and a monument to the group of parachutists that landed here in 1942. At the top of the mountain are located stone crosses, and there are mineral waters with a special composition on the western slope. Not so long ago an unusual stone structure was discovered. Excavations revealed that there existed an old brick factory with remains of articles for the home, glassware, related to approximately the 7th to 9th centuries of our era.
The old altar is located just above the residential buildings, the jumble of large stones with steep slopes, where prayers and sacrifices were made.
At the foot of the serpent are two fountains, which are considered sacred. One of them is called Santa Fuente. They were built with a stone arch and a drain in the form of a small pool, and the other fountain was given the name of St. Theodosius. You can go to the mountain and have a great time either walking or having a picnic. You can come here as part of a group trip, and active rest fans are offered a climb to the top. By the way, the serpent mountain is considered one of the most difficult peaks to climb in the area.